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Investigations on the melting and bending modulus of polymer grafted bilayers using dissipative particle dynamics

Thakkar, Foram M and Ayappa, KG (2010) Investigations on the melting and bending modulus of polymer grafted bilayers using dissipative particle dynamics. In: Biomicrofluidics, 4 (3).

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Understanding the influence of polymer grafted bilayers on the physicomechanical properties of lipid membranes is important while developing liposomal based drug delivery systems. The melting characteristics and bending moduli of polymer grafted bilayers are investigated using dissipative particle dynamics simulations as a function of the amount of grafted polymer and lipid tail length. Simulations are carried out using a modified Andersen barostat, whereby the membrane is maintained in a tensionless state. For lipids made up of four to six tail beads, the transition from the low temperature L-beta phase to the L-alpha phase is lowered only above a grafting fraction of G(f)=0.12 for polymers made up of 20 beads. Below G(f)=0.12 small changes are observed only for the HT4 bilayer. The bending modulus of the bilayers is obtained as a function of G(f) from a Fourier analysis of the height fluctuations. Using the theory developed by Marsh Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1615, 33 (2003)] for polymer grafted membranes, the contributions to the bending modulus due to changes arising from the grafted polymer and bilayer thinning are partitioned. The contributions to the changes in kappa from bilayer thinning were found to lie within 11% for the lipids with four to six tail beads, increasing to 15% for the lipids containing nine tail beads. The changes in the area stretch modulus were also assessed and were found to have a small influence on the overall contribution from membrane thinning. The increase in the area per head group of the lipids was found to be consistent with the scalings predicted by self-consistent mean field results. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biomicrofluidics
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Keywords: Bending; biomechanics; biomedical materials; biomembranes; Fourier analysis; lipid bilayers; melting; polymers; SCF calculations.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2010 08:19
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2010 08:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/33577

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