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Structure, stoichiometry and spectroscopy of oxide superconductors

Rao, CNR (1988) Structure, stoichiometry and spectroscopy of oxide superconductors. In: Annales de Physique, 13 (5). pp. 327-338.

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In the new oxide superconductors, structure and oxygen stoichiometry play the most crucial role. Thus, all the high-temperature oxide superconductors are orthorhombic perovskites with low-dimensional features. Oxygen stoichiometry in YBa2Cu3O7-δ has an important bearing on the structure as well as superconductivity. This is equally true in the La3-xBa3+xCu 6O14+δ system of which only the 123 oxide (x = 1) with the orthorhombic structure shows high Tc. Orthorhombicity though not essential, is generally found ; it is necessary for the formation of twins. The nature of oxygen and copper in the cuprates has been examined by electron spectroscopy. Copper in these cuprates is only in 1 + and 2 + states. It seems likely that oxygen holes are responsible for superconductivity of the cuprates as well as Ba(Bi, Pb)O3. High Tc superconductivity is also found in oxides of the Bi-(Ca, Sr)-Cu-O and related oxides possessing Cu-O sheets.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Annales de Physique
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to EDP Sciences.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2010 09:54
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2010 09:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/32969

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