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Interannual Variations of Sea Surface Temperature over the Arabian Sea and the Indian Monsoon: A New Perspective

Rao, Kusuma G and Goswami, BN (1988) Interannual Variations of Sea Surface Temperature over the Arabian Sea and the Indian Monsoon: A New Perspective. In: Monthly Weather Review, 116 (3). pp. 558-568.

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Official URL: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/1520-0...


The interannual variation of surface fields over the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal are studied using data between 1900 and 1979. It is emphasized that the monthly mean sea surface temperature (SST) over the north Indian Ocean and monsoon rainfall are significantly affected by synoptic systems and other intraseasonal variations. To highlight the interannual signals it is important to remove the large-amplitude high-frequency noise and very low frequency long-term trends, if any. By suitable spatial and temporal averaging of the SST and the rainfall data and by removing the long-term trend from the SST data, we have been able to show that there exists a homogeneous region in the southeastern Arabian Sea over which the March�April (MA) SST anomalies are significantly correlated with the seasonal (June�September) rainfall over India. A potential of this premonsoon signal for predicting the seasonal rainfall over India is indicated. It is shown that the correlation between the SST and the seasonal monsoon rainfall goes through a change of sign from significantly positive with premonsoon SST to very small values with SST during the monsoon season and to significantly negative with SST during the post-monsoon months. For the first time, we have demonstrated that heavy or deficient rainfall years are associated with large-scale coherent changes in the SST (although perhaps of small amplitude) over the north Indian 0cean. We also indicate possible reasons for the apparent lack of persistence of the premonsoon SST anomalies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Monthly Weather Review
Publisher: American Meterological Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Meterological Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2010 09:39
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2010 09:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/32331

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