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Trends in the stability of ternary oxides: Systems M-Pb-O (M = Ca, Sr, Ba)

Jayadevan, KP and Jacob, KT (2000) Trends in the stability of ternary oxides: Systems M-Pb-O (M = Ca, Sr, Ba). In: High Temperature Materials and Processes, 19 (6). pp. 399-407.

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Recent experimental investigations of phase equilibria and thermodynamic properties of the systems M-Pb-O, where M = Ca, Sr or Ba, indicate a regular increase in thermodynamic stability of ternary oxides, MPbO3 and M2PbO4, with increasing basicity of the oxide of the alkaline-earth metal. Number of stable interoxide compounds at 1100 K in the systems M-Pb-O (M = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) increases in unit increments from Mg to Ba. In this paper, experimentally determined standard Gibbs energies of formation of M2PbO4 (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) and MPbO3 (M = Sr, Ba) from their component binary monoxides and oxygen gas are combined with an estimated value for CaPbO3 to delineate systematic trends in thermodynamic stability of the ternary oxides. The trends are interpreted using concepts of tolerance factor and acid-base interactions. All the ternary oxides in these systems contain lead in the tetravalent state. The small Pb4+ ions polarize the surrounding oxygen ions and cause the formation of oxyanions which are acidic in character. Hence, the higher oxidation state of lead is stabilized in the presence of basic oxides of alkaline-earth group. A schematic subsolidus temperature-composition phase diagram is presented for the system BaO-PbO-O-2 to illustrate the change in oxidation states in binary and ternary oxides with temperature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: High Temperature Materials and Processes
Publisher: Freund Publishing House
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Freund Publishing House.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2010 12:08
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:16
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/32098

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