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Synthesis,characterization and photoluminescence properties of CaSiO3 :Dy3+ nanophosphors

Nagabhushana, H and Nagabhushana, BM and Kumar, Madesh and Premkumar, HB and Shivakumara, C and Chakradhar, RPS (2010) Synthesis,characterization and photoluminescence properties of CaSiO3 :Dy3+ nanophosphors. In: Philosophical Magazine, 90 (26). pp. 3567-3579.

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CaSiO3 : Dy3+ (1-5 mol. %) nanophosphors were synthesized by a simple low-temperature solution combustion method. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns revealed that the phosphors are crystalline and can be indexed to a monoclinic phase. Scanning electron micrographs exhibited faceted plates and angular crystals of different sizes with a porous nature. Photoluminescence properties of the Dy3+-doped CaSiO3 phosphors were observed and analyzed. Emission peaks at 483, 573 and 610 nm corresponding to Dy3+ were assigned as F-4(9/2)-> H-6(15/2), F-4(9/2) -> H-6(13/2) and F-4(9/2) -> H-6(11/2) transitions, respectively, and dominated by the Dy3+ F-4(9/2) -> H-6(13/2) hyperfine transition. Experimental results revealed that the luminescence intensity was affected by both heat treatment and the concentration of Dy3+ (1-5 mol. %) in the CaSiO3 host. Optimal luminescence conditions were achieved when the concentration of Dy3+ was 2 mol. %. UV-visible absorption features an intense band at 240 nm, which corresponds to an O-Si ligand-to-metal charge transfer band in the SiO32- group. The optical energy band gap for the undoped sample was found to be 5.45 eV, whereas in Dy3+-doped phosphors it varies in the range 5.49-5.65 eV. The optical energy gap widens with increase of Dy3+ ion dopant.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Philosophical Magazine
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Keywords: phosphor;X-ray diffraction;scanning electron microscopy;FTIR spectra;optical absorption;photoluminescence
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2010 09:30
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/31486

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