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Development of Nonsocial Behaviour in the Asiatic Elephant

Nair, Vijayakumaran P (1989) Development of Nonsocial Behaviour in the Asiatic Elephant. In: Journal of Navigation, 42 (2). pp. 278-290.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1439-...


The elephant calf, a defended follower is completely dependent on adults till the age of 3 months. It begins to explore and attempts to feed at 3 to 6 months, and then becomes partially independent with some feeding on its own. The characteristics of behavior in adults are examined and the development of this pattern in the calf is traced by analyis of duration, transition and clustering of the behavioural elements. Essential activities like suckling, locomotion and lying down for rest appear soon after birth whereas elements of feeding, grooming and play appear only at a later stage. The calf takes the initiative in suckling and its termination, drinking directly by mouth till the age of 6 months. The first element of feeding appears at about a week in attempts to pick up and hold objects in the trunk. Co-ordination of limb, trunk and mouth movement is achieved by about 1 month. The calf is strong enough to pull out plants by 6 months when independent feeding begins. In about a year feeding, drinking and dusting patterns are well developed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Navigation
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2010 05:30
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2010 05:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/31380

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