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Regulation of cytochrome P-450b/e gene expression by a heme- and phenobarbitone-modulated transcription factor

Rangarajan, PN and Padmanaban, G (1989) Regulation of cytochrome P-450b/e gene expression by a heme- and phenobarbitone-modulated transcription factor. In: Proc Natl Acad Sci Unit States Am, 86 (11). pp. 3963-3967.

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Official URL: http://www.pnas.org/content/86/11/3963.short


The cloned DNA fragment of the cytochrome P-450b/e gene containing the upstream region from position -179 through part of the first exon is faithfully transcribed in freeze-thawed rat liver nuclei. Phenobarbitone treatment of the animal strikingly increases this transcription, and the increase is blocked by cycloheximide (protein synthesis inhibitor) or CoCl2 (heme biosynthetic inhibitor) treatment of animals. This picture correlates very well with the reported cytochrome P-450b/e mRNA levels in vivo and run-on transcription rates in vitro under these conditions. The upstream region (from position -179) was assessed for protein binding with nuclear extracts by nitrocellulose filter binding, gel retardation, DNase I treatment ("footprinting"), and Western blot analysis. Phenobarbitone treatment dramatically increases protein binding to the upstream region, an increase once again blocked by cycloheximide or CoCl2 treatments. Addition of heme in vitro to heme-deficient nuclei and nuclear extracts restores the induced levels of transcription and protein binding to the upstream fragment, respectively. Thus, drug-mediated synthesis and heme-modulated binding of a transcription factor(s) appear involved in the transcriptional activation of the cytochrome P-450b/e genes, and an 85-kDa protein may be a major factor in this regard.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Proc Natl Acad Sci Unit States Am
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to National Academy of Sciences.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2010 07:22
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:14
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/31378

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