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Detection of Tsunami Wave Generation and Propagation Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors

Prasad, Guru AS and Asokan, S and Tatavarti, Rao (2009) Detection of Tsunami Wave Generation and Propagation Using Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors. In: 8th IEEE Conference on Sensors, OCT 25-28, 2009, Christchurch, pp. 1216-1219.

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This paper describes the design and development of a Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) sensor system for monitoring tsunami waves generated in the deep ocean. An experimental setup was designed and fabricated to simulate the generation and propagation of a tsunami wave. The characteristics and efficiency of the developed FBG sensor was evaluated with a standard commercial Digiquartz sensor. For real time monitoring of tsunami waves, FBG sensors bonded to a cantilever is used and the wavelength shifts (Delta lambda(B)) in the reflected spectra resulting from the strain/pressure imparted on the FBGs have been recorded using a high-speed Micron Optics FBG interrogation system. The parameters sensed are the signal burst during tsunami generation and pressure variations at different places as the tsunami wave propagates away from the source of generation. The results obtained were compared with the standard commercial sensor used in tsunami detection. The observations suggest that the FBG sensor was highly sensitive and free from many of the constraints associated with the commercial tsunameter.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: Copyright 2009 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 07:47
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/31228

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