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\alpha -Helix and Mixed $3_{10}$/ \alpha -helix in Cocrystallized Conformers of Boc-Aib-Val-Aib-Aib-Val-Val-Val-Aib-Val-Aib-Ome

Karle, Isabella L and Flippen-Anderson, Judith L and Uma, Kuchibhotla and Balaram, Hemalatha and Balaram, Padmanabhan (1989) \alpha -Helix and Mixed $3_{10}$/ \alpha -helix in Cocrystallized Conformers of Boc-Aib-Val-Aib-Aib-Val-Val-Val-Aib-Val-Aib-Ome. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 86 (3). pp. 765-769.

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Two molecules of Boc-Aib-Val-Aib-Aib-Val-Val-Val-Aib-Val-Aib-OMe (where Boc is t-butoxycarbonyl and Aib is \alpha-aminoisobutyryl) cocrystallize in a triclinic cell with different helical conformations. One molecule is completely \alpha-helical with seven 5 \rightarrow 1 intramolecular hydrogen bonds. It forms three head-to-tail NH··· O==C hydrogen bonds to other molecules of the same conformation. The second molecule has a mixed $3_{10}$ / \alpha -helix conformation with three 4 \rightarrow 1 hydrogen bonds and four 5 \rightarrow 1 hydrogen bonds; furthermore, there is a helix reversal at both termini. The second molecule forms only two head-to-tail hydrogen bonds with molecules of the same type, and the N(3)H group does not participate in any hydrogen bonding. The two different types of helices occur in alternate sheets in the crystal, where each sheet is composed of adjacent rods of helices formed by head-to-tail hydrogen bonding. Within each sheet, containing helices of only one type of conformation, the helices aggregate in a parallel mode. Between the sheets of different helices, the aggregation is antiparallel. The peptide, with formula $C_{51}H_{92}N_{10}O_{13}$, crystallizes in space group P1 with Z = 2 and cell parameters a = 10.047 \pm 0.002 A, b = 16.684 \pm 0.003 A, c = 19.198 \pm 0.004 A, \alpha = 80.30 deg \pm 0.01 deg, \beta = 85.74 deg \pm 0.01 deg, and \gamma = 83.03 deg \pm 0.01 deg; overall agreement factor R = 6.7% for 6053 data (\mid$F_0$\mid > 3\sigma) and 0.96- A resolution.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to National Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: peptide cyrstal structure;head-to-tail hydrogen bonds;helix unwinding;helix aggregation
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/2784

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