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Strength design of composite beam using gradient and particle swarm optimization

Kathiravan, R and Ganguli, Ranjan (2007) Strength design of composite beam using gradient and particle swarm optimization. In: Composite Structures, 81 (4). pp. 471-479.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2006.09.007


This work addresses the optimum design of a composite box-beam structure subject to strength constraints. Such box-beams are used as the main load carrying members of helicopter rotor blades. A computationally efficient analytical model for box-beam is used. Optimal ply orientation angles are sought which maximize the failure margins with respect to the applied loading. The Tsai-Wu-Hahn failure criterion is used to calculate the reserve factor for each wall and ply and the minimum reserve factor is maximized. Ply angles are used as design variables and various cases of initial starting design and loadings are investigated. Both gradient-based and particle swarm optimization (PSO) methods are used. It is found that the optimization approach leads to the design of a box-beam with greatly improved reserve factors which can be useful for helicopter rotor structures. While the PSO yields globally best designs, the gradient-based method can also be used with appropriate starting designs to obtain useful designs efficiently. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Composite Structures
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: finite-element-analysis;helicopter rotor;genetic algorithms; aeroelastic optimization;plates;model.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2010 08:53
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 06:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/27420

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