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Seismic response of reinforced soil retaining wall models: Influence of backfill relative density

Latha, Madhavi G and Krishna, A Murali (2008) Seismic response of reinforced soil retaining wall models: Influence of backfill relative density. In: Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 26 (4). pp. 335-349.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2007.11.001


This paper presents the results of shaking table tests on model reinforced soil retaining walls in the laboratory. The influence of backfill relative density on the seismic response was studied through a series of laboratory model tests on retaining walls. Construction of model retaining walls in the laminar box mounted on shaking table, instrumentation and results from the shaking table tests are described in detail. Three types of walls: wrap- and rigid-faced reinforced soil walls and unreinforced rigid-faced walls constructed to different densities were tested for a relatively small excitation. Wrap-faced walls are further tested for higher base excitation at different frequencies and relative densities. It is observed from these tests that the effect of backfill density on the seismic performance of reinforced retaining walls is pronounced only at very low relative density and at the higher base excitation. The walls constructed with higher backfill relative density showed lesser face deformations and more acceleration amplifications compared to the walls constructed with lower densities when tested at higher base excitation. The response of wrap- and rigid-faced retaining walls is not much affected by the backfill relative density when tested at smaller base excitation. The effects of facing rigidity were evaluated to a limited extent. Displacements in wrap-faced walls are many times higher compared to rigid-faced walls. The results obtained from this study are helpful in understanding the relative performance of reinforced soil retaining walls constructed to when subjected to smaller and higher base excitation for the range of relative density employed in the testing program. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Geotextiles and Geomembranes
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Shaking table tests; Seismic response; Laminar box; Reinforced soils; Wrap-faced retaining walls; Geotextiles
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2010 05:11
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/26791

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