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LOX separation studies using cryogenic vortex tube

Jacob, S and Paul, PJ and Karunanithi, R and Behera, Upendra (2008) LOX separation studies using cryogenic vortex tube. In: Joint Cryogenic Engineering Conference/International Cryogenic Materials Conference, JUL 16-20, 2007, Chattanooga.

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In-flight collection of air, pre-cooling, liquefaction and separation of liquid oxygen (LOX) are key technologies for futuristic launch vehicles, Vortex tube technology is one of the few potential technologies for this application. Extensive studies have been carried out on straight and conical vortex tubes for developing vortex tube technology for high purity LOX separation. Studies show that 12mm. diameter conical vortex tube with L/D of 10 could achieve LOX purity of similar to 96% with separation efficiency of similar to 14% indicating that it is not possible to obtain both high LOX purity and high separation efficiency simultaneously in a single vortex tube. However, it is possible to achieve both high LOX purity and separation efficiency by staging of vortex tubes. LOX purity of 96% and separation efficiency of similar to 73.5% has been achieved for second stage vortex tube supplied with pre-cooled air having 60% oxygen purity. LOX purity has been further increased to 97% by applying controlled heating power over liquid oxygen flowing discharge surface of the vortex tube.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Cryogenic Technology
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2010 10:36
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:58
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/26504

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