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Testing and Modeling of MR Damper and Its Application to SDOF Systems Using Integral Backstepping Technique

Ali, Sk Faruque and Ramaswamy, Ananth (2009) Testing and Modeling of MR Damper and Its Application to SDOF Systems Using Integral Backstepping Technique. In: Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 131 (2).

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Magnetorheological dampers are intrinsically nonlinear devices, which make the modeling and design of a suitable control algorithm an interesting and challenging task. To evaluate the potential of magnetorheological (MR) dampers in control applications and to take full advantages of its unique features, a mathematical model to accurately reproduce its dynamic behavior has to be developed and then a proper control strategy has to be taken that is implementable and can fully utilize their capabilities as a semi-active control device. The present paper focuses on both the aspects. First, the paper reports the testing of a magnetorheological damper with an universal testing machine, for a set of frequency, amplitude, and current. A modified Bouc-Wen model considering the amplitude and input current dependence of the damper parameters has been proposed. It has been shown that the damper response can be satisfactorily predicted with this model. Second, a backstepping based nonlinear current monitoring of magnetorheological dampers for semi-active control of structures under earthquakes has been developed. It provides a stable nonlinear magnetorheological damper current monitoring directly based on system feedback such that current change in magnetorheological damper is gradual. Unlike other MR damper control techniques available in literature, the main advantage of the proposed technique lies in its current input prediction directly based on system feedback and smooth update of input current. Furthermore, while developing the proposed semi-active algorithm, the dynamics of the supplied and commanded current to the damper has been considered. The efficiency of the proposed technique has been shown taking a base isolated three story building under a set of seismic excitation. Comparison with widely used clipped-optimal strategy has also been shown.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control
Publisher: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
Keywords: magnetorheology;vibration control
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2010 07:31
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/26187

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