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Boundary-layer effects on internal flow choking in dual-thrust solid rocket motors

Kumar, VR Sanal and Raghunandan, BN and Kawakami, T and Kim, HD and Setoguchi, T and Raghunathan, S (2008) Boundary-layer effects on internal flow choking in dual-thrust solid rocket motors. In: Journal of Propulsion and Power, JUL 09-12, 2006, Sacramento,CA.

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Theoretical studies have been carried out to examine internal flow choking in the inert simulators of a dual-thrust motor. Using a two-dimensional k-omega turbulence model, detailed parametric studies have been carried out to examine aerodynamic choking and the existence of a fluid throat at the transition region during the startup transient of dual-thrust motors. This code solves standard k-omega turbulence equations with shear flow corrections using a coupled second-order-implicit unsteady formulation. In the numerical study, a fully implicit finite volume scheme of the compressible, Reynolds-averaged, Navier-Stokes equations is employed. It was observed that, at the subsonic inflow conditions, there is a possibility of the occurrence of internal flow choking in dual-thrust motors due to the formation of a fluid throat at the beginning of the transition region induced by area blockage caused by boundary-layer-displacement thickness. It has been observed that a 55% increase in the upstream port area of the dual-thrust motor contributes to a 25% reduction in blockage factor at the transition region, which could negate the internal How choking and supplement with an early choking of the dual-thrust motor nozzle. If the height of the upstream port relative to the motor length is too small, the developing boundary layers from either side of the port can interact, leading to a choked,flow. On the other hand, if the developing boundary layers are far enough apart, then choking does not occur. The blockage factor is greater in magnitude for the choked case than for the unchoked case. More tangible explanations are presented in this paper for the boundary-layer blockage and the internal flow choking in dual-thrust motors, which hitherto has been unexplored.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Keywords: Pressure Oscillations;Ignition Transtents;Starting Transient;Ports.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2010 07:07
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2010 07:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/26046

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