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Effect of residual stresses and metallographic stability on the over all performance of integral diaphragm material

Sen, Geetha and Sampathkumaran, P and Nadig, DS and Manjunatha, R and Seetharamu, S (2009) Effect of residual stresses and metallographic stability on the over all performance of integral diaphragm material. In: Materials Science and Engineering A, 517 (1-2). pp. 85-90.

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The integral diaphragm pressure transducer consists of a diaphragm machined from precipitation hardened martensitic (APX4) steel. Its performance is quite significant as it depends upon various factors such as mechanical properties including induced residual stress levels, metallurgical and physical parameters due to different stages of processing involved. Hence, the measurement and analysis of residual stress becomes very important from the point of in-service assessment of a component. In the present work, the stress measurements have been done using the X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique, which is a non-destructive test (NDT). This method is more reliable and widely used compared to the other NDT techniques. The metallurgical aspects have been studied by adopting the conventional metallographic practices including examination of microstructure using light microscope. The dimensional measurements have been carried out using dimensional gauge. The results of the present investigation reveals that the diaphragm material after undergoing series of realization processes has yielded good amount of retained austenite in it. Also, the presence of higher compressive stresses induced in the transducer results in non-linearity, zero shift and dimensional instability. The problem of higher retained austenite content and higher compressive stress have been overcome by adopting a new realization process involving machining and cold and hot stabilization soak which has brought down the retained austenite content to about 5–6% and acceptable level of compressive stress in the range −100 to −150 MPa with fine tempered martensitic phase structure and good dimensional stability. The new realization process seems to be quite effective in terms of controlling retained austenite content, residual stress, metallurgical phase as well as dimensional stability and this may result in minimum zero shift of the diaphragm system.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Materials Science and Engineering A
Publisher: Elsevier Science.
Additional Information: copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Residual stress; X-ray diffraction; Realization process; Microstructure; Retained austanite
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Cryogenic Technology
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2010 09:53
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2011 05:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25995

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