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Compatibility of RuO2 electrodes with PZT ceramics

Jacob, KT and Rajitha, G and Saji, VS (2009) Compatibility of RuO2 electrodes with PZT ceramics. In: Bulletin of Materials Science, 32 (3). pp. 313-319.

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Because of its high electrical conductivity and good diffusion barrier properties ruthenium dioxide (RuO2) is a good electrode material for use with ferroelectric lead zirconate-titanate (PZT) solid solutions. Under certain conditions, RuO2 can react with PZT to form lead ruthenate (Pb2Ru2O6.5) during processing at elevated temperatures resulting in lead depletion from PZT. The standard Gibbs energies of formation of RuO2 and Pb2Ru2O6.5 and activities of components of the PZT solid solution have been determined recently. Using this data along with older thermodynamic information on PbZrO3 and PbTiO3, the stability domain of Pb2Ru2O6.5 is computed as a function of PZT composition, temperature and oxygen partial pressure in the gas phase. The results show PbZrO3-rich compositions are more prone to react with RuO2 at all temperatures. Increasing temperature and decreasing oxygen partial pressure suppress the reaction. Graphically displayed are the reaction zones as a function of oxygen partial pressure and PZT composition at temperatures 973, 1173 and 1373 K.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Bulletin of Materials Science
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences.
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Pb2Ru2O6⋅5 formation; RuO2 electrode; Pb(ZrxTi1–x)O3 (PZT) solid solution; thermodynamic analysis; interface reactions; stability fields.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2010 07:16
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25959

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