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A theoretical model for the magnetic helicity of solar active regions

Chatterjee, Piyali and Choudhuri, Arnab Rai and Petrovay, Kristof and Nandy, Dibyendu (2008) A theoretical model for the magnetic helicity of solar active regions. In: Advances in Space Research, 41 (6). 893 -896.

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Active regions on the solar surface are known to possess magnetic helicity, which is predominantly negative in the northern hemisphere and positive in the southern hemisphere. Choudhuri et al. [Choudhuri, A.R. On the connection between mean field dynamo theory and flux tubes. Solar Phys. 215, 31–55, 2003] proposed that the magnetic helicity arises due to the wrapping up of the poloidal field of the convection zone around rising flux tubes which form active regions. Choudhuri [Choudhuri, A.R., Chatterjee, P., Nandy, D. Helicity of solar active regions from a dynamo model. ApJ 615, L57–L60, 2004] used this idea to calculate magnetic helicity from their solar dynamo model. Apart from getting broad agreements with observational data, they also predict that the hemispheric helicity rule may be violated at the beginning of a solar cycle. Chatterjee et al. [Chatterjee, P., Choudhuri, A.R., Petrovay, K. Development of twist in an emerging magnetic flux tube by poloidal field accretion. A&A 449, 781–789, 2006] study the penetration of the wrapped poloidal field into the rising flux tube due to turbulent diffusion using a simple 1-d model. They find that the extent of penetration of the wrapped field will depend on how weak the magnetic field inside the rising flux tube becomes before its emergence. They conclude that more detailed observational data will throw light on the physical conditions of flux tubes just before their emergence to the photosphere.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Advances in Space Research
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Active regions;Helicity.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2010 10:49
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25938

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