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An analytical model for performance evaluation of multimedia applications over EDCA in an IEEE 802.11e WLAN

Harsha, Sri and Kumar, Anurag and Sharma, Vinod (2010) An analytical model for performance evaluation of multimedia applications over EDCA in an IEEE 802.11e WLAN. In: Wireless Networks, 16 (2). pp. 367-385.

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We extend the modeling heuristic of (Harsha et al. 2006. In IEEE IWQoS 06, pp 178 - 187) to evaluate the performance of an IEEE 802.11e infrastructure network carrying packet telephone calls, streaming video sessions and TCP controlled file downloads, using Enhanced Distributed Channel Access (EDCA). We identify the time boundaries of activities on the channel (called channel slot boundaries) and derive a Markov Renewal Process of the contending nodes on these epochs. This is achieved by the use of attempt probabilities of the contending nodes as those obtained from the saturation fixed point analysis of (Ramaiyan et al. 2005. In Proceedings ACM Sigmetrics, `05. Journal version accepted for publication in IEEE TON). Regenerative analysis on this MRP yields the desired steady state performance measures. We then use the MRP model to develop an effective bandwidth approach for obtaining a bound on the size of the buffer required at the video queue of the AP, such that the streaming video packet loss probability is kept to less than 1%. The results obtained match well with simulations using the network simulator, ns-2. We find that, with the default IEEE 802.11e EDCA parameters for access categories AC 1, AC 2 and AC 3, the voice call capacity decreases if even one streaming video session and one TCP file download are initiated by some wireless station. Subsequently, reducing the voice calls increases the video downlink stream throughput by 0.38 Mbps and file download capacity by 0.14 Mbps, for every voice call (for the 11 Mbps PHY). We find that a buffer size of 75KB is sufficient to ensure that the video packet loss probability at the QAP is within 1%.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Wireless Networks
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: VoIP on WLAN; Streaming video on WLAN; TCP throughput on WLAN; Capacity of IEEE 802.11e WLAN; Performance modeling of EDCA; Buffer sizing at access point
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2010 09:29
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25823

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