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Transition from radiatively inefficient to cooling dominated phase in two temperature accretion disks around black holes

Sinha, Monika and Rajesh, SR and Mukhopadhyay, Banibrata (2009) Transition from radiatively inefficient to cooling dominated phase in two temperature accretion disks around black holes. In: Research in astronomy and astrophysics, 9 (12). pp. 1331-1342.

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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/1674-4527/9/12/005


We investigate the transition of a radiatively inefficient phase of a viscous two temperature accreting flow to a cooling dominated phase and vice versa around black holes. Based on a global sub-Keplerian accretion disk model in steady state, including explicit cooling processes self-consistently, we show that general advective accretion flow passes through various phases during its infall towards a black hole. Bremsstrahlung, synchrotron and inverse Comptonization of soft photons are considered as possible cooling mechanisms. Hence the flow governs a much lower electron temperature similar to 10(8) - 10(9.5) K compared to the hot protons of temperature similar to 10(10.2) - 10(11.8) K in the range of the accretion rate in Eddington units 0.01 less than or simiar to (M) over dot less than or similar to 100. Therefore, the solutions may potentially explain the hard X-rays and the gamma-rays emitted from AGNs and X-ray binaries. We finally compare the solutions for two different regimes of viscosity and conclude that a weakly viscous flow is expected to be cooling dominated compared to its highly viscous counterpart which is radiatively inefficient. The flow is successfully able to reproduce the observed minosities of the under-fed AGNs and quasars (e.g. Sgr A*), ultra-luminous X-ray sources (e.g. SS433), as well as the highly luminous AGNs and ultra-luminous quasars (e.g. PKS 0743-67) at different combinations of the mass accretion rate and ratio of specific heats.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Research in astronomy and astrophysics
Publisher: Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Institute of Physics.
Keywords: accretion, accretion disk; black hole physics; hydrodynamics; radiative transfer
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Astronomy and Astrophysics Programme
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2010 08:48
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25353

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