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A numerical study of projectile impact on thin aluminium plates

Raguraman, M and Deb, A and Jagadeesh, G (2009) A numerical study of projectile impact on thin aluminium plates. In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 223 (11). pp. 2519-2530.

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This article deals with a simulation-based Study of the impact of projectiles on thin aluminium plates using LS-DYNA by modelling plates with shell elements and projectiles with solid elements. In order to establish the required modelling criterion in terms of element size for aluminium plates, a convergence Study of residual velocity has been carried Out by varying mesh density in the impact zone. Using the preferred material and meshing criteria arrived at here, extremely good prediction of test residual velocities and ballistic limits given by Gupta et al. (2001) for thin aluminium plates has been obtained. The simulation-based pattern of failure with localized bulging and jagged edge of perforation is similar to the perforation with petalling seen in tests. A number Of simulation-based parametric studies have been carried out and results consistent with published test data have been obtained. Despite the robust correlation achieved against published experimental results, it would be prudent to conduct one's own experiments, for a final correlation via the present modelling procedure and analysis with the explicit LS-DYNTA 970 solver. Hence, a sophisticated ballistic impact testing facility and a high-speed camera have been used to conduct additional tests on grade 1100 aluminium plates of 1 mm thickness with projectiles Of four different nose shapes. Finally, using the developed numerical simulation procedure, an excellent correlation of residual velocity and failure modes with the corresponding test results has been obtained.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing
Additional Information: copyright of this article belongs to Professional Engineering Publishing.
Keywords: residual velocity;ballistic limit;projectile;aluminium plate;numerical simulation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Product Design & Manufacturing
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2010 12:15
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2012 09:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25301

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