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Farnesyltransferase Inhibitors Reduce Ras Activation and Ameliorate Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Injury in Mice

Saha, Banishree and Nandi, Dipankar (2009) Farnesyltransferase Inhibitors Reduce Ras Activation and Ameliorate Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Injury in Mice. In: Hepatology, 50 (5). pp. 1547-1557.

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Hepatotoxicity due to overdose of the analgesic and antipyretic acetaminophen (A-PAIP) is a major cause of liver failure in adults. To better understand the contributions of different signaling pathways, the expression and role of Ras activation was evaluated after oral dosing of mice with APAP (400-500 mg/kg). Ras-guanosine triphosphate (GTP) is induced early and in an oxidative stress-dependent manner. The functional role of Ras activation was studied by a single intraperitoneal injection of the neutral sphingomyelinase and farnesyltransferase inhibitor (FTI) manumycin A (I mg/kg), which lowers induction of Ras-GTP and serum amounts of alanine aminotransferase (ALT). APAP dosing decreases hepatic glutathione amounts, which are not affected by manumycin A treatment. However, APAP-induced activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase, which plays an important role, is reduced by manumycin A. Also, APAP-induced mitochondrial reactive oxygen species are reduced by manumycin A at a later time point during liver injury. Importantly, the induction of genes involved in the inflammatory response (including iNos, gp91phox, and Fasl) and serum amounts of proinflammatory cytokines interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) and tumor necrosis factor alpha, which increase greatly with APAP challenge, are suppressed with manumycin A. The FTI ctivity of manumycin A is most likely involved in reducing APAP-induced liver injury, because a specific neutral sphingomyelinase inhibitor, GW4869 (I mg/kg), did not show any hepatoprotective effect. Notably, a structurally distinct FTI, gliotoxin (I mg/kg), also inhibits Ras activation and reduces serum amounts of ALT and IFN-gamma after APAP dosing. Finally, histological analysis confirmed the hepatoprotective effect f manumycin A and gliotoxin during APAP-induced liver damage. Conclusion: This study identifies a key role for Ras activation and demonstrates the therapeutic efficacy of FTIs during APAP-induced liver injury.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Hepatology
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2009 05:54
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:52
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/25020

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