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Conserving Biodiversity as If People Matter: A Case Study from India

Gadgil, Madhav (1992) Conserving Biodiversity as If People Matter: A Case Study from India. In: AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 21 (3). pp. 266-270.

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India has rich traditions of nature conservation as well as a vigorous official program of protection of nature reserves developed over the last 40 years. However, the officialp rograms uffers fromt otal relianceo n authoritarianm anagement arrangements in which decisions are made centrally and coercion is used to implement them. At the same time, the state apparatus organises subsidized resource flows to the urbanindustrial- intensivea griculturalc omplex which promote inefficient,n on-sustainable resource-use patterns that are inimical to conservation of biodiversity. These processes are illustrated within the concrete setting of the district of Uttara Kannada in southern India. It is suggested that the interests of conservation would be served far better by an approach that withdraws the subsidies to the elite so that a much more efficient, sustainable and equitable pattern of resource use, compatible with conservation of biodiversity, can be instituted. In conjunction with this, the larger society should involve local people in working out detailed plans for conservation of biodiversity and offer them adequate authority as well as appropriate financial incentives to implement these plans. The paper goes on to illustrate how such an approach may be implemented in the case of Uttara Kannada.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
Publisher: Bioone
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Bioone.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2009 05:56
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:51
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/24722

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