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Rare-Earth Ion-Assisted Nuclear Spin-Lattice Relaxation in $Nd^3^+$-Doped Binary Sodium Borate Glasses: $^1^1B$ NMR Study

Mukhopadhyay, Sutirtha and Ramesh, KP and Kannan, Ramaswami and Ramakrishna, J (2004) Rare-Earth Ion-Assisted Nuclear Spin-Lattice Relaxation in $Nd^3^+$-Doped Binary Sodium Borate Glasses: $^1^1B$ NMR Study. In: Physical Review B, 70 (22). 224202/1-6.


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Rare-Earth (RE) doped glasses are promising candidates for laser and other opto-electronic applications. The optical properties of the RE doped glasses depend on the symmetry and environment of the RE ion in the host glass and hence its structure. We have studied $Nd^3^+$ doped $3ONa_2O-(70-x)B_2O_3-xNd_2O_3$ glasses with various $Nd^3^+$ concentrations sx=0, 0.1, 0.5,1 mol%d using $^1^1B$ NMR. In this paper we have presented a method of estimating the crystal field splitting of the RE ion using 11B Nuclear Spin-Lattice Relaxation (NSLR) time measurements in these systems as a function of temperature in the range 100–4.2 K. Details of the magnetization recovery fit, theory of $^1^1B$ relaxation time are discussed in terms of possible relaxation mechanisms in the presence of a RE ion. We found that the relaxation can be explained using a two-level system (TLS) model for x=0 and the Orbach process for other samples. The magnetization recovery is observed to fit better to a single exponential model in all the samples as evident from the statistical analysis of the fit. The crystal field splitting sDd estimated from our studies are found to be around $100 cm^−^1$, in agreement with other $Nd^3^+$-doped systems reported in the literature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review B
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Physical Society (APS).
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/2415

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