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An XPS study of the surface oxidation states of metals in some oxide catalysts

Jagannathana, K and Jagannathan, A and Rao, CNR (1981) An XPS study of the surface oxidation states of metals in some oxide catalysts. In: Journal of Catalysis, 69 (2). pp. 418-427.

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Calcined samples of chromia supported on Al2O3, ZnO, or SnO2 show both Cr(VI) and Cr(III) on the surface, Cr(VI) being preponderant in the case of Al2O3-supported catalysts. The proportion of Cr(VI) decreases with increase in Cr content of the calcined catalysts. Reduction of the supported chromia catalysts in H2 at 720 K for 1 hr gives rise to Cr(III) and Cr(V). On carrying out the dehydrogenation of cyclohexane on the chromia catalysts a higher proportion of Cr(V) is found than after treatment with hydrogen. Vanadia supported on Al2O3 or MoO3 shows significant proportion of V(IV) on carrying out the oxidation of toluene on the catalysts. Calcined MoO3 (10%)/Al2O3 shows only Mo(VI) on the surface at 300 K, but on heating to 670 K in vacuum shows the presence of a considerable proportion of Mo(V) which on cooling disproportionates to Mo(IV) and Mo(VI). Mo(V) is noticed on surfaces of this catalyst on reduction with hydrogen as also on carrying out dehydrogenation of cyclohexane. While Bi2MoO6 shows only Mo(VI) on the surface at 300 K, heating it to 670 K in vacuum changes it entirely to Mo(V) which then gives rise to Mo(IV) and Mo(VI) on cooling.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Catalysis
Publisher: Elsevier Science (USA).
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science (USA).
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2010 07:11
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/23554

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