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Explaining the Latitudinal Distribution of Sunspots with Deep Meridional Flow

Dibyendu, Nandy and Choudhuri, Arnab Rai (2002) Explaining the Latitudinal Distribution of Sunspots with Deep Meridional Flow. In: Science, 296 (5573). pp. 1671-1673.


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Sunspots, dark magnetic regions occurring at low latitudes on the Sun's surface, are tracers of the magnetic field generated by the dynamo mechanism. Recent solar dynamo models, which use the helioseismically determined solar rotation, indicate that sunspots should form at high latitudes, contrary to observations. We present a dynamo model with the correct latitudinal distribution of sunspots and demonstrate that this requires a meridional flow of material that penetrates deeper than hitherto believed, into the stable layers below the convection zone. Such a deep material flow may have important implications for turbulent convection and elemental abundance in the Sun and similar stars.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Science
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Keywords: sunspots;magnetic;latitudinal;distribution;dynamo model;stars
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2004
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/235

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