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A Need for FSH in Maintaining Fertility of Adult Male Subhuman Primates

Moudgal, NR (1981) A Need for FSH in Maintaining Fertility of Adult Male Subhuman Primates. In: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine, 7 (2). 117 -125.

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Adult fertile male bonnet monkeys (Macaca radiata) were continuously deprived of endogenous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) support for 240 days by injecting them with 1 ml of characterized monkey antiserum to oFSH every 48 hr; control monkeys received during the same period normal monkey serum instead. Testicular function was assessed at periodic intervals by (a) carrying out differential counting of sperm in the ejaculate obtained and (b) determining the hyaluronidase activity as well as in vitro 3H thymidine incorporation into DNA of testicular tissue removed at biopsy. Both the quality (viability and motility) of the sperms voided and the total sperm counts showed marked decreases as a function of time of immunization, the first significant reduction being noted by 100 days. FSH deprivation affected both the biochemical parameters used to test testicular functionality they being reduced at ∼200 days by 50%-60%. The fertility of these monkeys was evaluated at periodic times after 90 days of treatment by means of mating studies. FSH deprivation had rendered the monkeys incapable of impregnating any of the females used. Testosterone and luteinizing hormone (LH) levels remained unchanged following FSH antiserum injection. With cessation of antiserum treatment testicular function and fertility were completely restored to normalcy, indicating that the observed effect was specifically due to FSH deprivation. This study thus provides conclusive evidence for the involvement of FSH in maintenance of testicular function and fertility in the adult male primate.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Publisher: Hemisphere Publ Corp
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Hemisphere Publ Corp.
Keywords: FSH; LH; Male fertility; Male contraception; Monkey
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2010 09:23
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2010 11:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/23424

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