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A biweekly mode in the equatorial Indian Ocean

Sengupta, Debasis and Senan, Retish and Murty, VSN and Fernando, V (2004) A biweekly mode in the equatorial Indian Ocean. In: Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (C10). X 1-11.


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The National Institute of Oceanography, Goa deployed moorings with several subsurface current meters at $0^{\mathrm{0}}, 93^{\mathrm{0}}E$ (in February 2000) and $0^{\mathrm{0}}, 83^{\mathrm{0}}$E (in December 2000) in the eastern Indian Ocean. Observed meridional current at all depths has a 10-20 day (or biweekly) variability that is distinct from longer period (20-60 day) subseasonal variability. Lags between dierent instruments suggest the presence of groups of westward and vertically propagating biweekly waves with zonal wavelength in the range 2100 to 6100 km. We use an ocean model forced by high resolution scatterometer wind stress to show that the observed biweekly variability is due to equatorially trapped mixed Rossby-gravity waves generated by subseasonal variability of winds. We demonstrate that quasi-biweekly fluctuations of surface meridional wind stress resonantly excite ocean waves with westward and upward phase propagation, with typical period of 14 days and zonal wavelength of 3000-4500 km. The biweekly wave is associated with fluctuating upwelling/downwelling in the equatorial Indian Ocean, with amplitude of 2-3 meters per day located $2^{\mathrm{0}}-3^{\mathrm{0}}$ away from the equator. Possible reasons for eastward intensification of biweekly energy is discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Geophysical Research
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Geophysical Union.
Keywords: biweekly mode;equator;Indian Ocean
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2008
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/2334

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