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Enzymatic cleavage of carotenoids

Singh, H and Cama, HR (1974) Enzymatic cleavage of carotenoids. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Enzymology, 370 (1). pp. 49-61.

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1. 1.|Carotene 15,15′-dioxygenase (EC has been isolated from the intestine of guinea pig and rabbit and purified 38- and 30-fold, respectively, but subjecting the intestinal homogenate to protamine sulfate treatment, (NH4)2SO4 fractionation and acetone precipitation. 2. 2.|The guinea pig enzyme showed a pH optimum at 8.5, an optimum substrate concentration of 200 nmoles of β,β-carotene per 25 ml of reaction mixture, an apparent Km with β,β-carotene as substrate of 9.5 · 10−6 M and a V 3.3 nmoles of retinal formation/mg protein per h. The reaction was linear upto 3 h and the reaction rate increased linearly with increase in enzyme protein concentration. The enzyme was activated by GSH and Fe2+ and inhibited by sodium dodecylsulfate, sulfhydryl binding and iron chelating agents. 3. 3.|The reaction catalysed by guinea pig enzyme was strictly stoichiometric. 4. 4.|Rabbit enzyme showed a close similarity with guinea pig enzyme with respect to time course, optimum substrate concentration, activation by Fe2+ and GSH, inhibition by sodium dodecylsulfate, iron chelating and sulfhydryl binding agents. However, it showed a slightly lower pH optimum (pH 7.8). 5. 5.|The enzyme from guinea pig and rabbit showed remarkable similarity with respect to cleavage of carotenoids. The enzyme from both the species was more specific for β,β-carotene but could also cleave a number of other carotenoids at the 15,15′-double bond. 6. 6.|10′-Apo-β-carotenal and 10′-apo-β-carotenol were readily cleaved compared with other apo-β-carotenals and apo-β-carotenols tested. 7. 7.|It has been conclusively shown for the first time that mono-ring substituted carotenoids are also cleaved at the 15,15′-double bond.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Enzymology
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2009 10:58
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/23312

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