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Mesospheric temperature response to variations in geomagnetic activity

Ramakrishnan, S and Seshamani, R (1973) Mesospheric temperature response to variations in geomagnetic activity. In: Planetary and Space Science, 21 (8). pp. 1447-1453.

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Temperature data collected over several years from rocket grenade and other experiments at Point Barrow (Alaska), Fort Churchill (Canada) and Wallops Island (Virginia) have been analysed to determine the effect of geomagnetic activity on the neutral temperature in the mesosphere and to study the latitudinal variation of this effect. An analysis carried out has revealed almost certainly significant correlations between the temperature and the geomagnetic indicies Kp and Ap at Fort Churchill and marginally significant correlations at Barrow and Wallops. This has also been substantiated by a linear regression analysis. The results indicate two types of interdependence between mesospheric temperature and geomagnetic field variations. The first type is the direct heating effect, during a geomagnetic disturbance, which has been observed in the present analysis with a time lag of 3–15 hr at the high latitudes and 36 hr at the middle latitudes. The magnitude of this heating effect has been found to decrease at the lower altitudes. The second type of interrelation which has been observed is temperature perturbations preceding geomagnetic field variations, both presumably caused by a disturbance in atmospheric circulation at these levels.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Planetary and Space Science
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2010 11:18
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2010 11:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/23171

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