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A vanadate-stimulated NADH oxidase in erythrocyte membrane generates hydrogen peroxide

Vijaya, S and Crane, FL and Ramasarma, T (1984) A vanadate-stimulated NADH oxidase in erythrocyte membrane generates hydrogen peroxide. In: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 62 (2). pp. 175-185.

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Oxidation of NADH by rat erythrocyte plasma membrane was stimulated by about 50-fold on addition of decavanadate, but not other forms of vanadate like orthovanadate, metavanadate aad vanadyl sulphate. The vanadate-stimulated activity was observed only in phosphate buffer while other buffers like Tris, acetate, borate and Hepes were ineffective. Oxygen was consumed during the oxidation of NADH and the products were found to be NAD+ and hydrogen peroxide. The reaction had a stoichiometry of one mole of oxygen consumption and one mole of H2O2 production for every mole of NADH that was oxidized. Superoxide dismutase and manganous inhibited the activity indicating the involvement of superoxide anions. Electron spin resonance in the presence of a spin trap, 5, 5prime-dimethyl pyrroline N-oxide, indicated the presence of superoxide radicals. Electron spin resonance studies also showed the appearance of VIV species by reduction of VV of decavanadate indicating thereby participation of vanadate in the redox reaction. Under the conditions of the assay, vanadate did not stimulate lipid peroxidation in erythrocyte membranes. Extracts from lipid-free preparations of the erythrocyte membrane showed full activity. This ruled out the possibility of oxygen uptake through lipid peroxidation. The vanadate-stimulated NADH oxidation activity could be partially solubilized by treating erythrocyte membranes either with Triton X-100 or sodium cholate. Partially purified enzyme obtained by extraction with cholate and fractionation by ammonium sulphate and DEAE-Sephadex was found to be unstable.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2010 05:53
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/22788

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