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Steroidogenesis in the desensitized rat corpora-lutea

Dighe, RR and Moudgal, NR (1982) Steroidogenesis in the desensitized rat corpora-lutea. In: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry, 17 (3).

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Earlier workers have observed that in the leydig cell desensitization brings results in addition to down regulation of receptors, in leisons in the steroidogenlc pathway. In the present study immature rats having heavily leutinized ovaries were given 50 iu hCG and the desenasitized CL removed 48h later were used. At that time no change in the 5 3MSD activity and CAMP binding activity(a measure of CAMP dependent protein kinase) was observed.Followlng desensitization however,l)a significent increase in phosphodiestrase activity,ii)a 50% reduction in total mitochondrial cholesterol level, iii)a significant reduction in its ability to utilize cholesterol or hydrolyse its ester and iv)a significant lowering(by 66%)in cholesterol side chain clean age activity(by measuring pregnanalone formed) was observed. Pregnanalone production was restored to normalcy if exogenous cholesterol was added to the mitohondrial preparation. The results suggest that luteal desensitization is due in addition to down regulation of LH receptors, to a marked reduction in available cholesterol pool in the mitochondrial compartment. The increase in phosphodiestrase activity, though probably a secondary effect,might effectively contribute to the overall reduction in the steroid out-put by increasing the catabolism of CAMP.(Aided by grants from ICMR,New Delhi and WHO, Geneva).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elservier science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2009 12:53
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/22501

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