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Magnetic superconductors: Model theories and experimental properties of rare-earth compounds

Shrivastava, KN and Sinha, KP (1984) Magnetic superconductors: Model theories and experimental properties of rare-earth compounds. In: Physics Reports, 115 (3). pp. 93-149.

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Superconducting and magnetically long-range ordered states were believed to be mutually exclusive phenomena. The discovery of rare-earth compounds in recent years, which exhibit both superconductivity and magnetic ordering (ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic or sinusoidal), has led to considerable theoretical and experimental work on such systems. In the present article, we give a review of various theoretical models and important experimental results. In the theoretical sections, we start with the Abrikosov-Gorkov pair breaking theory for dilute alloys and discuss its improvement in the work of Müller-Hartmann and Zittartz. Then, in the context of magnetic superconductors, various microscopic theories that have been advanced are presented. These predict re-entrant behaviour in some systems (ferromagnetic superconductors) and coexistence regions in others (particularly antiferromagnetic superconductors). Following this, phenomenological generalized Ginzburg-Landau theories for two kinds of orders (superconducting and magnetic) are presented. A section dealing with renormalization group analysis of phase diagrams in magnetic superconductors is given. In experimental sections, the properties of each rare-earth compounds (ternary as well as some tetranery) are reviewed. These involve susceptibility, heat capacity, resistivity, upper critical field, neutron scattering and magnetic resonance measurements. The anomalous behaviour of the upper critical field of antiferromagnetic superconductors near the Néel temperature is discussed both in theory sections and experimental section for various systems.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physics Reports
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Mathematics
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2009 07:23
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/22130

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