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Inhibition of H2O2 generation in rat liver mitochondria by radical quenchers and phenolic compounds

Swaroop, A and Ramasarma, T (1981) Inhibition of H2O2 generation in rat liver mitochondria by radical quenchers and phenolic compounds. In: Biochemical Journal, 194 (3). pp. 657-665.

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Generation of H2O2 by rat liver mitochondria with choline, glycerol 1-phosphate and proline as substrates has been shown by using high-concentration phosphate buffer. Rates obtained under these conditions were higher and more consistent as compared with the earlier reports with high-concentration mannitol/sucrose/Tris buffer. Sulphate ions could replace phosphate indicating a requirement for a high concentration of oxygen-containing anions. H2O2 generation was dependent on the presence of native mitochondria and substrate. Maximal rates with various substrates were found to be the same as with succinate. Values of Km and Vmax for H2O2 generation were considerably less than those obtained for respective dehydrogenase activities, measured by dye reduction. Scavengers of O2-. and OH. inhibited generation of H2O2. ATP, ADP, thyronine derivatives and a number of phenolic compounds also showed very potent inhibitory effects of H2O2 generation, whereas phenyl compound had no effect. Phenolic compounds did not have any effect on mitochondrial superoxide dismutase and choline dehydrogenase activities as well as on O2-. generation by the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system. Inhibition by phenolic compounds may have potential for regulation of the intracellular concentration of H2O2, that is not considered to have a "second messenger' function.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochemical Journal
Publisher: Portland Press
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Portland Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2009 09:54
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21890

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