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Optical Properties of Nanocrystalline Potassium Lithium Niobate in the Glass System (100-x) TeO2-x(1.5K(2)O-Li2O-2.5Nb(2)O(5))

Ahamad, Niyaz M and Varma, KBR (2009) Optical Properties of Nanocrystalline Potassium Lithium Niobate in the Glass System (100-x) TeO2-x(1.5K(2)O-Li2O-2.5Nb(2)O(5)). In: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 9 (8). pp. 4910-4917.

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Optically clear glasses of various compositions in the system (100-x) TeO2-x(1.5K(2)O-Li2O-2.5Nb(2)O(5)) (2 <= x <= 12, in molar ratio) were prepared by the melt-quenching technique. The glassy nature of the as-quenched samples was established via differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The amorphous and the crystalline nature of the as-quenched and heat-treated samples were confirmed by the X-ray powder diffraction and transmission electron microscopic (TEM) studies. Transparent glasses comprising potassium lithium niobate (K3Li2Nb5O15) microcrystallites on the surface and nanocrystallites within the glass were obtained by controlled heat-treatment of the as-quenched glasses just above the glass transition temperature (T-g). The optical transmission spectra of these glasses and glass-crystal composites of various compositions were recorded in the 200-2500 nm wavelength range. Various optical parameters such as optical band gap, Urbach energy, refractive index were determined. Second order optical non-linearity was established in the heat-treated samples by employing the Maker-Fringe method.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Scientific Publishers.
Keywords: Tetragonal Tungsten Bronzes; Tellurites; Glasses; Nanomaterials;Composites;Non-Linear Optical Materials;Second Harmonic Generation;Transmission Electron Microscopy
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2009 07:26
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 10:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21837

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