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Models of reserve manpower

Krishnaswamy, KN and Ganguly, T (1987) Models of reserve manpower. In: International Journal of Production Research, 25 (5). 773 -791.

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Absenteeism is one of the major problems of Indian industries. It necessitates the employment of more manpower than the jobs require, resulting in the increase of manpower costs, and lowers the efficiency of plant operation through lowered performance and higher rejects. It also causes machine idleness, if extra manpower is not hired, resulting in disrupted work schedules and assignments. Several studies have investigated the causes of absenteeism (Vaid 1967) for example and their remedy and relationship between absenteeism and turnover with a suggested model for diagnosis and treatment (Hawk 1976) However, the production foremen and supervisor will face the operating task of determining how many extra operatives are to be hired in order to stave off the adverse effects of absenteeism on the man-machine system. This paper deals with a class of reserve manpower models based on the reject allowance model familiar in quality control literature. The present study considers, in addition to absenteeism, machine failures and the graded nature of manpower met within production systems and seeks to find optimal reserve manpower through computer simulation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Production Research
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Management Studies
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2010 06:19
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2010 06:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21232

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