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Decarboxylation of arginine and ornithine by arginine decarboxylase purified from cucumber (Cucumis sativus) seedlings

Prasad, GL and Adiga, PR (1986) Decarboxylation of arginine and ornithine by arginine decarboxylase purified from cucumber (Cucumis sativus) seedlings. In: Journal of Biosciences, 10 (2). pp. 203-213.

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A purified preparation of arginine decarboxylase from Cucumis sativus seedlings displayed ornithine decarboxylase activity as well. The two decarboxylase activities associated with the single protein responded differentially to agmatine, putrescine and Pi. While agmatine was inhibitory (50 %) to arginine decarboxylase activity, ornithine decarboxylase activity was stimulated by about 3-fold by the guanido arnine. Agmatine-stimulation of ornithine decarboxylase activity was only observed at higher concentrations of the amine. Inorganic phosphate enhanced arginine decarboxylase activity (2-fold) but ornithine decarboxylase activity was largely uninfluenced. Although both arginine and ornithine decarboxylase activities were inhibited by putrescine, ornithine decarboxylase activity was profoundly curtailed even at 1 mM concentration of the diamine. The enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitor for mammalian ornithine decarboxylase, viz. α-difluoromethyl ornithine, dramatically enhanced arginine decarboxylase activity (3-4 fold), whereas ornithine decarboxylase activity was partially (50%) inhibited by this inhibitor. At substrate level concentrations, the decarboxylation of arginine was not influenced by ornithine and vice-versa. Preliminary evidence for the existence of a specific inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase activity in the crude extracts of the plant is presented. The above results suggest that these two amino acids could be decarboxylated at two different catalytic sites on a single protein.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Biosciences
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Arginine decarboxylase;purification;ornithine decarboxylase; modulation;DFMO;dual activities.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2009 05:44
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 06:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21168

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