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Phase relations in the system Ta-Rh-O and thermodynamic properties of TaRhO4

Jacob, KT and Shekhar, Chander and Waseda, Y (2009) Phase relations in the system Ta-Rh-O and thermodynamic properties of TaRhO4. In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, 116 (1). pp. 289-293.

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Phase relations in the system Ta-Rh-O were determined by analysis of quenched samples corresponding to thirteen compositions inside the ternary triangle after equilibration at 1273 K. All the Ta-Rh alloys were found to be in equilibrium with Ta2O5. Only one ternary oxide TaRhO4 was detected. Based on phase relations in the ternary system, a solid-state electrochemical cell, incorporating calcia-stabilized zirconia as the electrolyte, was designed to measure the standard Gibbs energy of formation (Delta G degrees, J mol(-1)) of TaRhO4 in the temperature range from 900 to 1300 K. For the reaction, 1/2 beta-Ta2O5 + 1/2 Rh2O3(ortho) -> TaRhO4 Delta G degrees = -42993 + 5.676T (+/- 85) The calculated decomposition temperatures of TaRhO4 are 1644 +/- 5K in pure O-2 and 1543 +/- 5K in air at a total pressure p(o) = 0.1 MPa. Thermodynamic properties of TaRhO4 at 298.15K have been evaluated from the results. The limited experimental thermodynamic data for Rh-rich alloys available in the literature are in fair accord with Miedema's model. The Gibbs energies of formation of the different phases in the binary system Ta-Rh were estimated based on these inputs, consistent with the binary phase diagram. Based on the thermodynamic information on the stability of various phases, an oxygen potential diagram for the system Ta-Rh-O at 1273K was constructed. Also presented are temperature-composition diagrams for the ternary system at constant oxygen partial pressures (po(2)/p(o) = 0.212 and 10(-6)) calculated form the basic data.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Materials Chemistry and Physics
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier science.
Keywords: TaRhO4; Gibbs free energy; Enthalpy; Entropy; Oxygen potential; System Ta-Rh-O; Phase diagram
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 05:56
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21113

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