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Retrogressed eclogite (20 kbar, 1020 °C) from the Neoproterozoic Palghat–Cauvery suture zone, southern India

Sajeev, K and Windley, BF and Connolly, JAD and Kon, Y (2009) Retrogressed eclogite (20 kbar, 1020 °C) from the Neoproterozoic Palghat–Cauvery suture zone, southern India. In: Precambrian Research, 171 (1-4). pp. 23-36.

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The Palghat–Cauvery suture zone in southern India separates Archaean crustal blocks to the north and the Proterozoic Madurai block to the south. Here we present the first detailed study of a partially retrogressed eclogite (from within the Sittampundi anorthositic complex in the suture zone) that occurs as a 20-cm wide layer in a garnet gabbro layer in anorthosite. The eclogite largely consists of an assemblage of coexisting porphyroblasts of almandine–pyrope garnet and augitic clinopyroxene. However, a few garnets contain inclusions of omphacite. Rims and symplectites composed of Na–Ca amphibole and plagioclase form a retrograde assemblage. Petrographic analysis and calculated phase equilibria indicate that garnet–omphacite–rutile–melt was the peak metamorphic assemblage and that it formed at ca. 20 kbar and above 1000 °C. The eclogite was exhumed on a very tight hairpin-type, anticlockwise P–T path, which we relate to subduction and exhumation in the Palghat–Cauvery suture zone. The REE composition of the minerals suggests a basaltic oceanic crustal protolith metamorphosed in a subduction regime. Geological–structural relations combined with geophysical data from the Palghat–Cauvery suture zone suggest that the eclogite facies metamorphism was related to formation of the suture zone. Closure of the Mozambique Ocean led to development of the suture zone and to its western extension in the Betsimisaraka suture of Madagascar.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Precambrian Research
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Retrogressed eclogite;Thermodynamic modeling;Hairpin-type anticlockwise P–T path;Subduction;Palghat–Cauvery suture zone;Southern India.
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2010 05:48
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21103

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