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Effect of human telomerase reverse transcriptase transfection on differentiation in BeWo choriocarcinoma cells

Neelima, PS and Rao, Rekha M and Rama, S and Rao, AJ (2009) Effect of human telomerase reverse transcriptase transfection on differentiation in BeWo choriocarcinoma cells. In: Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 18 (6). pp. 838-849.

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Arrest of proliferation is one of the prerequisites for differentiation of cytotrophoblasts into syncytiotrophoblasts, and thus during differentiation telomerase activity, as well as human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) expression, is down-regulated. Considering this, it is of interest to investigate whether syncytium formation can be delayed by prolonging the expression of telomerase in cytotrophoblasts. BeWo cells were transfected with pLPC-hTERT retroviral vector and the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis for hTERT mRNA concentrations in the transfected cells revealed a several-fold increase in hTERT mRNA compared with the cells transfected with empty vector, and this confirmed that the transfection was successful. An increase in the proliferation, as assessed by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation assay, as well as an increase in mRNA and protein concentration of various cyclins and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, was noticed. The effect of hTERT transfection was also assessed after the addition of forskolin to induce differentiation and it was observed that cell–cell fusion was delayed and differentiation did not occur in hTERT-transfected cells. However, the effects seen were only transient as stable transfection was not possible and the cells were undergoing apoptosis after 72 h, which suggested that apart from hTERT other factors might be important for immortalization of BeWo cells.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Reproductive BioMedicine Online
Publisher: Reproductive Healthcare Ltd
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Reproductive Healthcare Ltd.
Keywords: BeWo;hTERT;proliferation;transfection.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2009 05:59
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2009 05:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/21101

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