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Microbial transformation of a fungicide-derived amine, dimethyl-p-phenylene diamine by Alcaligenes DM4

Pai, S Balakrishna and Vasantharajan, VN (1985) Microbial transformation of a fungicide-derived amine, dimethyl-p-phenylene diamine by Alcaligenes DM4. In: FEMS Microbiology Letters, 28 (1). pp. 25-29.

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1195180...


Abstract Microbial transformation of N, N-dimethyl-p-phenylene diamine (DMPDA), a microbial product formed from the fungicide fenaminosulf (p-dimethylaminobenzenediazo sodium sulfonate) was studied by enriching microbes in soils treated with the amine. Microorganisms isolated from DMPDA-treated soil belonged to the genera of Micrococcus, Alcaligenes, and Corynebacterium. Of the various isolates, Alcaligenes DM4 showed maximal growth on DMPDA utilizing it as sources of carbon and nitrogen. When grown in mineral salts basal medium containing 0.05% DMPDA to serve as carbon and nitrogen sources, Alcaligenes DM4 grew exponentially up to 18 h. Even though the characterization of the complete pathway of microbial degradation of DMPDA could not be carried out due to the auto-oxidation of the compound, the initial transformation product of DMPDA by Alcaligenes DM4 has been identified as a dimer. The dimer is generated into the culture medium presumably by the extra-cellular oxidase of Alcaligenes DM4. It is suggested that the risk-benefit evaluation on the use of fenaminosulf is to be made taking into consideration the microbial transformations of the fungicide.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Keywords: N-Dimethyl-p-phenylene;diamine;microbial metabolism;fenaminosulf metabolism
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2009 08:57
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2009 08:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/20931

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