ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Phase relations and dielectric properties of BaTi03 ceramics heavily substituted with neodymium

Kutty, TRN and Murugaraj, P (1987) Phase relations and dielectric properties of BaTi03 ceramics heavily substituted with neodymium. In: Journal of Materials Science, 22 (10). pp. 3652-3664.

[img] PDF
27.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/v0431540069838...


Investigations on the phase relations and dielectric properties of (1 -x)BaTiO3 + xNd2/3TiO 3 (BNT) ceramics sintered in air below 1650 K have been carried out. X-ray powder diffraction studies indicate apparent phase singularity for compositions with x < 0.3. Nd2Ti207 is detected at higher neodymium concentrations. The unit cell parameter changes continuously with neodymium content, and BaTiO3 is completely cubic at room temperature with x -- 0.0525, whereas electron diffraction studies indicate that the air-sintered BNT ceramics with x > 0.08 contain additional phases that are partly amorphous even to an electron beam. SEM observations reveal that BaTiO3 grains are mostly covered by a molten intergranular phase, and show the presence of randomly distributed Nd2Ti207 grains. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis shows the Ba-Nd-Ti ternary composition of the intergranular phase. Differential thermal analysis studies support the formation of a partial melt involving dissolution-precipitation of boundary layers of BaTiO3 grains. These complex phase relations are accounted for in terms of the phase instability of BaTiO3 with large cation-vacancy concentration as a result of heavy Nd 3+ substitution. The absence of structural intergrowth in (1 - x)BaTiO3 + xNd2/3TiO3 under oxidative conditions leads to a separation of phases wherein the new phases undergo melting and remain X-ray amorphous. BNT ceramics with 0.1 < x < 0.3 have ~eff >~ 104 with tan 6 < 0.1 and nearly flat temperature capacitance characteristics. The grain-size dependence of ee,, variations of ~eff and tan 6 with the measuring frequency, the non-ohmic resistivities, and the non-linear leakage currents at higher field-strengths which are accompanied by the decrease in eeff and rise in tan 3, are explained on the basis of an intergranular (internal boundary layer) dielectric characteristic of these ceramics.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials Science
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copy right of this article belongs to Springer.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2010 09:03
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/20340

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item