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Cholinergic Muscarinic Receptors in Human Fetal Brain: Ontogeny of [3H]Quinuclidinyl Benzilate Binding Sites in Corpus Striatum, Brainstem, and Cerebellum

Ravikumar, BV and Sastry, PS (1985) Cholinergic Muscarinic Receptors in Human Fetal Brain: Ontogeny of [3H]Quinuclidinyl Benzilate Binding Sites in Corpus Striatum, Brainstem, and Cerebellum. In: Journal of Neurochemistry, 45 (6). pp. 1948-1950.

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The ontogeny of muscarinic receptors was studied in human fetal striatum, brainstem, and cerebellum to investigate general principles of synaptogenesis as well as the physiological balance between various chemical synapses during development in a given region of the brain. [3H]Quinuclidinyl benzilate ([-'H]QNB) binding was assayed in total particulate fraction (TPF) from various parts of brain. In the corpus striatum, QNB binding sites are present at 16 weeks of gestation (average concentration 180 fmol/mg protein of TPF), slowly increase up to 24 weeks (average concentration 217 fmol/mg protein), and rapidly increase during the third trimester to 480 fmol/mg protein of TPF. In contrast, dopaminergic receptors exist as two subpopulations. one with low affinity and the other with high affinity up to the 24th week of gestation; all of them acquire the highaffinity characteristic during the third trimester. In brainstem, the muscarinic receptors show maximum concentration by 16 weeks of age (360 fmolimg protein of TPF). Subsequently the muscarinic receptor concentration shows a gradual decline in the brainstem. In cerebellum, except for a slight increase at 24 weeks (average concentration 90 fmol/mg protein of TPF), the receptor concentration remained nearly constant at about 60-70 fmolimg protein of TPF throughout fetal life. This study demonstrates that the ontogeny of muscarinic receptors varies among the different regions, and the patterns observed suggest that receptor formation occurs principally in the third trimester. Also noteworthy is the finding that the QNB binding sites decreased in all regions of the human brain during adult life. Key Words: Cholinergic muscarinic receptors-Quinuclidinyl benzilate-Corpus striaturn-Brainstem-Cerebellum. Ravikumar B. V. and Sastry P. S. Cholinergic muscarinic receptors in human fetal brain: Ontogeny of [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate binding sites in corpus striatum, brainstem, and cerebellum. J. Neurochem. 45, 1948- 1950 (1985).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Neurochemistry
Publisher: Wiley
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Wiley
Keywords: Cholinergic muscarinic receptors; Quinuclidinyl benzilate ; Corpus striatum ; Brainstem ; Cerebellum
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 29 May 2009 09:44
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/20160

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