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Impact of Grazing, Fire and Extraction on the Bamboo (Dendrocalamus-Strictus and Bambusa-Arundinacea) Populations of Karnataka

Prasad, SN (1985) Impact of Grazing, Fire and Extraction on the Bamboo (Dendrocalamus-Strictus and Bambusa-Arundinacea) Populations of Karnataka. In: Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 14 (1-2). pp. 1-14.

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Dendrocalamus strictus and Bambusa arundinacea are monocarpic, gregariously flowering species of bamboo, common in the deciduous forests of the State of Karnataka in India. Their populations have significantly declined, especially since the last flowering. This decline parelleis increasing incidence of grazing, fire and extraction in recent decades. Results of an experiment in which the intensities of grazing and fire were varied, indicate that while grazing significantly depresses the survival of seedlings and the recruitment of new eulms of bamboo clumps, fire appeared to enhance seedling survival, presumably by reducing competition of lass fire-resistant species. New shoots of bamboo are destroyed by insects and a variety of herbivorous mammals. In areas of intense herbivore pressure, a bamboo clump initiates the production of a much larger number of new culrm, but results in many fewer and shorter intact culms. Extraction renders the new shoots more susceptible to herbivore pressure by removal of the protective covering of branches at the base of a bamboo clump. Hence, regular and extensive extraction by the paper mills in conjuction with intense grazing pressure strongly depresses the addition of new culms to bamboo clumps. Regulation of grazing in the forest by domestic livestock along with maintenance of the cover at the base of the clumps by extracting the culms at a higher level should reduce the rate of decline of the bamboo stocks.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2009 08:05
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/20086

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