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Electrical Characterization of Airborne Vehicle Exhaust Plume

Nayak, SK and Thomas, MJ (2009) Electrical Characterization of Airborne Vehicle Exhaust Plume. In: IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 16 (2). pp. 325-334.

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he induced current and voltage on the skin of an airborne vehicle due to the coupling of external electromagnetic field could be altered in the presence of ionized exhaust plume. So in the present work, a theoretical analysis is done to estimate the electrical parameters such as electrical conductivity and permittivity and their distribution in the axial and radial directions of the exhaust plume of an airborne vehicle. The electrical conductivity depends on the distribution of the major ionic species produced from the propellant combustion. In addition it also depends on temperature and pressure distribution of the exhaust plume as well as the generated shock wave. The chemically reactive rocket exhaust flow is modeled in two stages. The first part is simulated from the combustion chamber to the throat of the supersonic nozzle by using NASA Chemical Equilibrium with Application (CEA) package and the second part is simulated from the nozzle throat to the downstream of the plume by using a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solver. The contour plots of the exhaust parameters are presented. Eight barrel shocks which influence the distribution of the vehicle exhaust parameters are obtained in this simulation. The computed peak value of the electrical conductivity of the plume is 0.123 S/m and the relative permittivity varies from 0.89 to 0.99. The attenuation of the microwave when it is passing through the conducting exhaust plume has also been presented.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Publisher: IEEE-Inst electrical electronics engineers inc
Additional Information: Copyright 2009 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: Airborne vehicle; exhaust plume; computational fluid dynamics (CFD); electrical conductivity; permittivity; microwave attenuation
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2009 12:00
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19921

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