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Influence of lanthanum doping on the dielectric, ferroelectric and relaxor behaviour of barium bismuth titanate ceramics

Kumar, Sunil and Varma, KBR (2009) Influence of lanthanum doping on the dielectric, ferroelectric and relaxor behaviour of barium bismuth titanate ceramics. In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 42 (7). pp. 1-9.

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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0022-3727/42/7/0754...


Barium lanthanum bismuth titanate (Ba1−(3/2)xLaxBi4Ti4O15, x = 0–0.4) ceramics were fabricated using the powders synthesized via the solid-state reaction route. X-ray powder diffraction analysis confirmed the above compositions to be monophasic and belonged to the m = 4 member of the Aurivillius family of oxides. The effect of the partial presence of La3+ on Ba2+ sites on the microstructure, dielectric and relaxor behaviour of BaBi4Ti4O15 (BBT) ceramics was investigated. For the compositions pertaining to x ≤ 0.1, the dielectric constant at both room temperature and in the vicinity of the temperature of the dielectric maximum (Tm) of the parent phase (BBT) increased significantly with an increase in x while Tm remained almost constant. Tm shifted towards lower temperatures accompanied by a decrease in the magnitude of the dielectric maximum (εm) with an increase in the lanthanum content (0.1 < x ≤ 0.4). The dielectric relaxation was modelled using the Vogel–Fulcher relation and a decrease in the activation energy for frequency dispersion with increasing x was observed. The frequency dispersion of Tm was found to decrease with an increase in lanthanum doping, and for compositions corresponding to x ≥ 0.3, Tm was frequency independent. Well-developed P(polarization)–E(electric field) hysteresis loops were observed at 150 °C for all the samples and the remanent polarization (2Pr) was improved from 6.3 µC cm−2 for pure BBT to 13.4 µC cm−2 for Ba0.7La0.2Bi4Ti4O15 ceramics. Dc conductivities and associated activation energies were evaluated using impedance spectroscopy.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Publisher: Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2009 11:08
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19730

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