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Expression of the extracellular domain of the human heat-stable enterotoxin receptor in Escherichia coli and generation of neutralizing antibodies

Nandi, Animesh and Mathew, Roy and Visweswariah, Sandhya S (1996) Expression of the extracellular domain of the human heat-stable enterotoxin receptor in Escherichia coli and generation of neutralizing antibodies. In: Protein Expression And Purification, 8 (2). pp. 151-159.

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The entire extracellular domain of the human heat-stable enterotoxin (ST) receptor as well as a truncated N-terminal domain were cloned as glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant fusion proteins were purified from both the cytosol and the inclusion body fractions by selective detergent extraction followed by glutathione-agarose affinity chromatography. The purified protein, corresponding to the entire extracellular domain, bound the stable toxin peptide with an affinity comparable to that of the native receptor characterized from the human colonic T84 cell line. No binding was observed with the N-terminal truncated fragment of the receptor under similar conditions, Polyclonal antibodies were raised to the entire extracellular domain fusion protein as well as the truncated extracellular domain fusion protein, and the antibodies were purified by affinity chromatography. Addition of the purified antibodies to T84 cells inhibited ST binding and abolished ST-mediated cGMP production, indicating that critical epitopes involved in ligand interaction are present in the N-terminal fragment of the receptor, Purified antibodies recognized a single protein of M(r) 160,000 Da on Western blotting with T84 membranes, corresponding to a size of the native glycosylated receptor in T84 cells. These studies are the first report of the expression, purification, and characterization of any member of the guanylyl cyclase family of receptors in E. coli and show that binding of the toxin to the extracellular domain of the receptor is possible in the absence of any posttranslational modifications such as glycosylation. The recombinant fusion proteins as well as the antibodies that we have generated could serve as useful tools in the identification of critical residues of the extracellular domain involved in ligand interaction.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Protein Expression And Purification
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2009 06:44
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19550

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