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Dynamics of a dilute sheared inelastic fluid. I. Hydrodynamic modes and velocity correlation functions

Kumaran, V (2009) Dynamics of a dilute sheared inelastic fluid. I. Hydrodynamic modes and velocity correlation functions. In: Physical Review E, 79 (1, Par). 011301-1-011301-17.

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The hydrodynamic modes and the velocity autocorrelation functions for a dilute sheared inelastic fluid are analyzed using an expansion in the parameter epsilon=(1-e)(1/2), where e is the coefficient of restitution. It is shown that the hydrodynamic modes for a sheared inelastic fluid are very different from those for an elastic fluid in the long-wave limit, since energy is not a conserved variable when the wavelength of perturbations is larger than the ``conduction length.'' In an inelastic fluid under shear, there are three coupled modes, the mass and the momenta in the plane of shear, which have a decay rate proportional to k(2/3) in the limit k -> 0, if the wave vector has a component along the flow direction. When the wave vector is aligned along the gradient-vorticity plane, we find that the scaling of the growth rate is similar to that for an elastic fluid. The Fourier transforms of the velocity autocorrelation functions are calculated for a steady shear flow correct to leading order in an expansion in epsilon. The time dependence of the autocorrelation function in the long-time limit is obtained by estimating the integral of the Fourier transform over wave number space. It is found that the autocorrelation functions for the velocity in the flow and gradient directions decay proportional to t(-5/2) in two dimensions and t(-15/4) in three dimensions. In the vorticity direction, the decay of the autocorrelation function is proportional to t(-3) in two dimensions and t(-7/2) in three dimensions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review E
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
Keywords: Fourier transforms;hydrodynamics;shear flow;vortices.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2009 05:13
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19465

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