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Fabrication and evaluation of 1 Ah silver/metal hydride cells

Rodrigues, S and Munichandraiah, N and Shukla, AK (1999) Fabrication and evaluation of 1 Ah silver/metal hydride cells. In: Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 29 (11). pp. 1285-1289.

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Silver/metal hydride (Ag/MH) cells of about 1 Ah capacity have been fabricated and their discharge characteristics at different rates of discharge, faradaic efficiency, cycle life and a.c. impedance have been evaluated. These cells comprise metal-hydride electrodes prepared by employing similar to 60 mu m powder of an AB(2)-Laves phase alloy of nominal composition Zr0.5Ti0.5V0.6Cr0.2Ni1.2 with PTFE binder on a nickel-mesh substrate as the negative plates and commercial-grade silver electrodes as the positive plates. The cells are positive limited and exhibit two distinct voltage plateaus characteristic of two-step reduction of AgO to Ag during their low rates of discharge between C/20 and C/10. This feature is, however, absent when the cells are discharged at C/5 rate. On charging the cells to 100% of their capacity, the faradaic efficiency is found to be 100%. The impedance of the Ag/MH cell is essentially due to the impedance of the silver electrodes, since MH electrodes offer negligible impedance. The cells may be subjected to a large number of charge-discharge cycles with little deterioration.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Applied Electrochemistry
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: AB2 alloy;Cell discharge capacity;Hydrogen storage alloy;Impedance;Silver/metal-hydride cell.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2009 07:54
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19451

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