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Twist phase in Gaussian-beam optics

Simon, R and Mukunda, N (1998) Twist phase in Gaussian-beam optics. In: Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, 15 (9). pp. 2373-2382.

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Official URL: http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=1599


The recently discovered twist phase is studied in the context of the full ten-parameter family of partially coherent general anisotropic Gaussian Schell-model beams. It is shown that the nonnegativity requirement on the cross-spectral density of the beam demands that the strength of the twist phase be bounded from above by the inverse of the transverse coherence area of the beam. The twist phase as a two-point function is shown to have the structure of the generalized Huygens kernel or Green's function of a first-order system. The ray-transfer matrix of this system is exhibited. Wolf-type coherent-mode decomposition of the twist phase is carried out. Imposition of the twist phase on an otherwise untwisted beam is shown to result in a linear transformation in the ray phase space of the Wigner distribution. Though this transformation preserves the four-dimensional phase-space volume, it is not symplectic and hence it can, when impressed on a Wigner distribution, push it out of the convex set of all bona fide Wigner distributions unless the original Wigner distribution was sufficiently deep into the interior of the set.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science
Publisher: Optical Society of America
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Optical Society of America
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Theoretical Studies (Ceased to exist at the end of 2003)
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2009 06:36
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19425

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