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Beta-Turn Conformations In Crystal-Structures Of Model Peptides Containing Alpha,Alpha-Di-N-Propylglycine And Alpha,Alpha-Di-N-Butylglycine

Crisma, M and Valle, G and Toniolo, C and Prasad, S and Rao, RB and Balaram, P (1995) Beta-Turn Conformations In Crystal-Structures Of Model Peptides Containing Alpha,Alpha-Di-N-Propylglycine And Alpha,Alpha-Di-N-Butylglycine. In: Biopolymers, 35 (1). pp. 1-9.

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The crystal state conformations of three peptides containing the alpha, alpha-dialkylated residues, alpha,alpha-di-n-propylglycine (Dpg) and alpha,alpha-di-n-butylglycine (Dbg), have been established by x-ray diffraction. Boc-Ala-Dpg-Ala-OMe (I) and Boc-Ala-Dbg-Ala-OMe (III) adopt distorted type II beta-turn conformations with Ala (1) and Dpg/Dbg (2) as the corner residues. In both peptides the conformational angles at the Dxg residue (I: phi = 66.2 degrees, psi = 19.3 degrees; III: phi = 66.5 degrees, psi = 21.1 degrees) deviate appreciably from ideal values for the i + 2 residue in a type II beta-turn. In both peptides the observed (N...O) distances between the Boc CO and Ala(3) NH groups are far too long (I: 3.44 Angstrom; III: 3.63 Angstrom) for an intramolecular 4 --> 1 hydrogen bond. Boc-Ala-Dpg-Ala-NHMe (II) crystallizes with two independent molecules in the asymmetric unit. Both molecules IIA and IIB adopt consecutive beta-turn (type III-III in IIA and type III-I in IIB) or incipient 3(10)-helical structures, stabilized by two intramolecular 4 --> 1 hydrogen bonds. In all four molecules the bond angle N-C-alpha-C' (tau) at the Dxg residues are greater than or equal to 110 degrees. The observation of conformational angles in the helical region of phi,psi space at these residues is consistent with theoretical predictions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biopolymers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Keywords: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology;Biophysics
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2010 06:36
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 05:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/19224

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